Aqoon wadaag

Somali platform for science and technology exchange

Saturday, October 22, 2005

Emotionele intelligent

Horaa loo yidhi qof kastaa wuu cadhoon karaa bals inaad cadhadaada xadayn kartid maaha wax fudud. Marar badan ayaynu wararka aynu ka maqalaa dilal fool xun oo dhacay oo ka bilowday qof cadhadiisa xadayn kari waayay. Tusaale ahaan laba qof oo hadal is waydaarsaday oo midkood baskoolad ama qori soo qaatay oo uu bilaabay inuu rasaas ooda kaga qaado dadkii meesha joogay ayaynu wararka ka maqalaa. Suáashu waxay tahay maxaa qofkan maskaxdiisa qaaday? mudo kadib haddii aad jeelka ku waraysatid mid ka mida dadka dilalkan lama filaanka ah galaya oo aad waydiisid sida uu u fikirayay marka uu dilkaas gaysanayay waxa kaaga soo baxaysa jawaab layaableh “Ismaan kala ogayn meel aan marayay iyo waxaan samaynayay”. Tusaalahani waxa uu ku tusayaa in ay maskaxdeenu leedahay laba hab oo ay u shaqayso: Habka fikirka iyo habka dareenka (emotional/rational).
Qoraaga caanka ah Dr. Daniel Goldman oo ah joornalis ka soo baxay jamacada Hardford markii dambena ku takhasusay cilmiga nafsiga ayaa baadhitaan dheer oo uu sameeyay waxa uu ka qoray 1996 buug aduunyadoo dhan caan ka noqday oo la yidhaa Emotionele intelligent. Daniel buugiisan waxa uu ku sheegay in fahmada waxbarashada (IQ) oo qudhaati aanu ahayn ka qofka u haga horumarka. Imtixaanka IQ waxa uu wax ka sheegaa horumarka uu ilmahu xaga tacliinta ka gaadhayo. IQ inta badan waa dhaxal waalidka laga dhaxlo, tacliinta aynu iskuulada ku dhiganaana inta badan waxay korisaa oo qudha IQ, balse arday badan oo IQ sare kaga baxay iskuulada ayaa nolosha ka dambaysa aan horumar wayn ka samaynin dhinaca shaqada, la dhaqanka dadka iyo xidhiidhka qoyska iyo bulshada ku xeeran. Daniel waxa uu buugisa ku sheegay inaan IQ sare oo qudhaati aanu ku filayn guusha uu qofku ka gaadhayo xaga nolosha balse uu qofku u baahanyahay horumar xaga Emotionele intelligent ka ah (EQ).
Qoraagu buugan oo ka kooban shan qaybood waxa uu si qoto dheer ugag hadlay qodobadan:
Siday ay maskaxdeenu u shaqayso iyo sida ay xarumah dareennada kaladuwan ee maskaxdu u kala qaybsanyahiin. Wuxuu sharaxaan dheer ka bixiyay xaruma maskaxda ee xukuma dareenka subkoonishen oo ah qaybta hoose ee maskaxda ahna xarunta xukunta dareenada cadhada, murugada, warwarka, jacaylka, farxada iwm. Qaybta sare oo ah maskaxda fikirta (rational mind) oo ku shaqaysa hab xisaabtan iyo loojiko ah oo uu qofku si toosa u xukumo. Balse qaybta hoose ee maskaxda qofku si toosa uma xukumo, haddii aanu baranin xarfad iyo khiyaamo aad ku gashid albaabka maskaxhoosadka (emotional mind). Xarfadaa iyo hab khiyaamadkaa uu qofku ku xukumayo maskaxhoosadka dareenka ayaa ah ta dadku ku kala badiyaan. Qofbaa cadhadiisa iyo dareenkiisa warwarkalehi si dhibyar uu u afduubaa oo maskaxdiisa fikiraysa laga xoog waynaadaa, halka midkalena uu arintan si aan toos ahayn u hor istaagi karo. Habdhaqanka ka dhexeeya qofka iyo maskaxdiisa qaybta dareenka iyo fahhanka uu qofku u leeyahay dareenadiisa kala duwan waxa uu qoraagu u bixiyay Emotionele intelligent (EQ). Waxanay aqoonyahanada cilmu nafsigu imika sheegeen inuu qofku u baahanyahy IQ iyo EQ sareeya si uu horumar wayn nolasha uga gaadhi karo.

Waxa cad in dareenka qofka ee cabsida, cadhada iwm ay leeyahiin shaqo ay qofka u qabtaan. Tusaale ahaan cabsidu waxay marar badan kaaga digtaa khatar kugu soo fool leh oo waad ku badbaadaa, balse marar kale oo badan cabsidu waxay xayiraad ku noqonaysaa maskaxdaad shaqadeedii, tusaale ahaan dareenka cabsida ah ee kugu yimaada markaad leedahay wadahadal shireed oo mihiima ama qudbad aad meel ka jeedinaysid wuxuu naftaada ku sameeyaa xayiraad farabadan iyo inay maskaxdaadii fakaraysay ay si fiican u shaqayn kari waydo.
Maadaama aynaan inagu si toosa u xukumin maskaxda wada dareenkeena oo ay si aan toos ahayn uga amar qaadato fikirka ka dhex socda maskaxdeena sare (rational mind), waxa ay dadka bina aadmaga ahi ay inta badan isku mashquuliyaan hawlgalo ay ku qancinayaan (sasabayaan) maskax hoosaadkooga sida daawashada filimaanta, tagina xafladaha, dhagaysiga muusiga iwm, waxa kale oo ay dadku sameeyaan inay isticmalan walxo kiimiko ah oo ay ku sasabayaan qaybtan maskaxada sida khamriga iyo daraaga kala duwan.
Wada shaqayta ka dhaxaysa labada qaybood ee maskaxdeena inta badan dhibaato kama dhex aloosna oosi wada jir ah ayay u wada socdaan, balse marka xaaladu ay adkaato mida hoose ayaa isku dayda inay maroorsto hogaanka maskaxda fikiraysay. Afduubkaa maskax hoosadku waa ka sababa ayay leeyahiin aqoonyahanda baadhista sameeyay dhibaatoyin badan oo caalamka ka dhacaya. Sida uu qofku isaga badbaadin karo afduubkaasi waxa ay ku xidhantahay Emotionele intelligent ka qofka.
Baadhitaan uu sameeyay Dr Salovey waxa uu ku soo koobay si uu qofka loo odhan karo EQ wuu fiican yahay waa inuu shan qodob horre uga maray:
1- Waa inuu qofku aqoon u yeeshaa dareenadiisa kala duwan iyo sida ay u shaqeeyaan, garana karaa goorta ay dareenadaasi kacaan ama kacsan yahiin.
2- Qofku waa inuu dareenkiisaa leexleexinkaraa waddano uu isagu u jeexi karaa. Waxa ayno hore u soo sheegnay inanay suurto gal ahayn in wakhtiga uu dareenku wax afduubo inay shaqayso maskaxda fikiraysaa, sababtaa awgeed waa inuu qofku bartaa xarfad uu ku hor istaagi karo dareenkiisa.
3- Dhamaan dareenada maskaxdeenu maaha ku jar inaga ridaya balse qaar ka mid ahi waa hogaanka inoo horseeda dadaalka, firfircoonida aynu shaqo ku qabano. Qofku waa inuu bartaa hab uu ku xukumi karo dareenada u hogaaminaya dadaalka(Zelf motivation).
4- Qofku waa inuu fahmo u leeyahay dareemada qofka kale maskaxdiisa ka socda (empathie). Qodobka ugu mihiimsan dad la dhaqanku waa dareen kala qaadashada labada qof ka dhaxaysa. Haddii uu qofku dareenkiisa uu xajin karana waxa uu fahmo dheerada u yeelankaraa dareenada dadka ku xeerran.
5- Qofku waa inuu dad la dhaqan leeyahay, bulshada ku dhex jira ku fiican fahanka dadka kale hogaamina karaa waxno ka dhaadhicinkaraa.
Shantan qodob ayaa wakhtigan casriga ah ay aqoonyahanda cilmi nafsigu ay aasas uga dhigeen in qofku oo noqon karo mid leh awood EQ oo saraysa. Waxaana la sameeyay imtixaano lagu tijaabinayo EQ qofka.
Aqoonyaahanadu waxa ay cadeeyeen in habka ay ragga iyo dumarku ula dhaqmaan dareenkoogu uu kala duwanyahay. Ragguna ay yihiin kuwa aan si wayn u dhagaysanin dareenka naftooda ilaa uu gaadho heer uu qarxo, halka ay dumarku inta badan xidhiidh wayn ay la leeyahiin qaybta maskaxda ee dareenka faraysa.
Aduunyadan aynu ku noolahay ee ku socota xawaaraha dheeraynaya waxa imika soo ifbaxaysa in qarnigan 21 xanuunada maskaxda ee dhibarashanku uu sii badanayo dadbadan oo shaqeeya oo aan waalayna ay yihiin kuwa qabo xanuuno maskaxeed uu dhibarashanku ugu badanyahay. Daniel waxa uu buugisan ku sheegay in aqoon iyo hab xidhiidh uu qofku u yeesho qaybta maskaxda ee dareenku ay kaalin wayn ka galayso ka hortagida xanuunada maskaxda sida dhibrashanka.

Gabagabo
Buugan Emotionele intelligent run ahaantii waa buug aad u xiiso badan isbadal farabadana ku sameeyay aduunka tan iyo markuu soo baxay 1996. Waxa layaab ah in qaybo badan oo uu buugani ka hadlay iyo siduu uga hadlay ay aad ula mid tahay waxyaabo badan oo ay diinteenu ay hore inoogu sheegtay. Xitaa qoraaga buugani waxa uu si cad u tibaaxay in ducada iyo salaadu ay tahay habka ugu fiican ee lagu xadaynkaro dareemada maskaxdeena ka dhex socda. Waa mucjiso kale oo inoo cadaatay in aqoonyahana cilmiga nafsigu ay maanta inoo sheegayaan wixii uu 1400 sanadood ka hor uu Ilaahay (Sw) uu inoo soo faray rasuulkiisii (SCW). Waxa buugan iyo buugag kale oo badan ka cad in cudurada maskaxda ka dhashaa ay noqonayaan qarnigan kuwa ugu badan ee dadka dhibaatada u gaysta. Aminaaduna ay tahay habka qudha ee lagula dagaalami karo cuduradaas.

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